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Unlocking Cosmic Origins: LiteBIRD’s quest for Inflationary GWs

Aprile 15 @ 10:00 am - 11:00 am


DATE:  Monday, April 15, 10:00 a.m.



Link for the remote audience:

SPEAKER: Dr. Avinash Anand (Department of Physics, University of Rome, Tor Vergata)


The LiteBIRD (Lite (Light) satellite for the studies of B-mode polarization and Inflation from cosmic background Radiation Detection) experiment is a space mission dedicated to studying the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). Its primary objective is to detect the faint B-mode polarization patterns in the CMB, which are believed to be imprints of gravitational waves from the early universe, particularly from the period of cosmic inflation. LiteBIRD is equipped with a 30 arcmin beam width and an extraordinarily low polarization noise of 2.16μK-arcmin, making it uniquely capable of capturing large scale full-sky CMB polarization.

Our studies address two significant challenges in detecting Inflationary B-modes: foregrounds and the weak gravitational lensing of the CMB.
Foregrounds, varying with observation frequency, can be mitigated through multi-frequency sky observations. However, gravitational lensing of the CMB presents a different problem, as it is not frequency-dependent and causes E-mode polarization to convert to B-modes. This conversion masks the primordial B-modes we aim to detect. Our work concentrates on estimating the mass distribution from the CMB field to create a template of lensing B-modes. By removing this lensing-induced B-mode template from the observational data, we enhance the sensitivity towards detecting Inflationary gravitational waves.

This talk will explore the methodologies used in this study, the challenges encountered, and the potential impact on the detection of the Inflationary gravitational waves.



A few rules:
— in case of large in-person attendance, attendees may be asked to wear a face mask
— before joining, make sure you are using your institutional account if you have one (otherwise we will grant you permission to join)
— please do not forget to mute your microphone and switch off your webcam when access the virtual room
— for questions leave a message in the chat, the answers at the end of the webinar
— the seminar will be recorded, so if you are interested in it, please contact us to get the link to the registration.


Aprile 15
10:00 am - 11:00 am
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Sede A. Riccò
Via Santa Sofia 78